May 8th, 2016
Somewhat like the Zodiac, certain gems are associated with each month of the year, called birthstones. Using or wearing each type of stone monthly was said to increase your luck or health for that month. Their use dates back to ancient times, when they were mostly identified by color rather than name. Birthstones are popular gifts in jewelry for loved ones, as they have a more personal significance to the owner than any regular gemstone.
The list and allocation of birthstones has not changed in over a century. Some months may have two or three stones to represent it, but there is often one gemstone that is the most commonly known as the symbolic birthstone. Note that the associated zodiac signs refer to the gemstone and not the month, and do not line up perfectly with the calendar. For example, Aquamarine is March’s birthstone, and Aries is March’s zodiac sign, but nevertheless, Aquamarine is commonly used as Scorpio’s gemstone instead.
BIRTHSTONES BY MONTH
All of the birthstones by month.
JANUARY – GARNET
Associated zodiac sign: Aquarius | Other common January birthstones: Rose quartz
Although it can be found in a variety of colors, garnet is most popularly a deep red. It is said to prevent accidents and nightmares, and contains qualities of strength, prosperity and health. They are durable stones, without cleavage, slightly transparent, and somewhat more common than the others on this list.
FEBRUARY – AMETHYST
Associated zodiac sign: Pisces | Other common February birthstones: Onyx
Amethyst is essentially a purple version of quartz. In ancient times, it was the prevention for drunkenness, and it is associated with sobriety, spirituality, wisdom, and security. Amethysts are widely available and come in a large variety of shapes and sizes.
MARCH – AQUAMARINE
Associated zodiac sign: Scorpio | Other common March birthstones: Bloodstone
Aquamarine is a blue-green variety of beryl. It is slightly transparent with a hard and cylindrical nature. It embodies eternal life and is said to be healthy for married couples. Youth, beauty, honesty, loyalty, and happiness are its associated values.
APRIL – DIAMOND
Associated zodiac sign: Aries | Other common April birthstones: Quartz
April babies get the privilege of having diamond, the highly treasured gemstone, as their birthstone. They are the hardest mineral of all at a Moh’s rating of 10, and have been used as gemstones for wedding rings as a tradition for hundreds of years. The ultimate gift of love, diamonds are highly reflective gems associated with invincibility, clarity, and purity.
MAY – EMERALD
Associated zodiac sign: Cancer | Other common May birthstones: Chrysoprase
The lovely deep green emerald gemstone is the mineral emblem for people born in May. They symbolize fertility, patience, understanding, and rebirth. Ancient Egypt’s Cleopatra was famous for wearing emeralds. Emeralds increase in rarity and value the deeper and richer the green color is.
JUNE – PEARL
Associated zodiac sign: Cancer | Other common June birthstones: Moonstone, alexandrite
Pearls are somewhat of the odd one out when it comes to birthstones. They are the only ones that have less of a refractive surface and instead have a pearly and opaque appearance. They cannot be carved into elaborate shapes, but must remain spherical. They are formed from mollusks under the sea and are not purely gemstones, formed from minerals along with a structural protein called nacre. They symbolize modesty, purity, and beauty.
JULY – RUBY
Associated zodiac sign: Capricorn | Other common July birthstones: Carnelian
Rubies are the lighter red cousin to Garnets. A variant of the mineral Corundum, they are fairly hard at a Moh’s scale of 9 and often very reflective. They symbolize love, success, passion, promise, and good fortune. They were often valued by kings and people in power.
AUGUST – PERIDOT
Associated zodiac sign: Libra | Other common August birthstones: Sardonyx
Peridots are an elegant, distinctive lime green color and can be used to bring healing properties to the wearer. They are also known under the name of olivine. This transparent gemstone shot to popularity when a peridot-rich deposit was discovered in Pakistan. Fame, dignity, and protection are some of the values connected to peridot.
SEPTEMBER – SAPPHIRE
Associated zodiac sign: Taurus | Other common September birthstones: Lapis lazuli
Truth, sincerity, and commitment are commonly associated with this beautiful mineral, another derivative of corundum. Sapphires are mostly known in their deep blue variant, but they can also be yellow, pink, orange, peach, and other colors. Their ties to the value of trust makes them popular engagement stones. Salmon-colored sapphires, known as Padparadscha, are some of the most highly valued gems in the world.
OCTOBER – OPAL
Associated zodiac sign: Scorpio | Other common October birthstones: Tourmaline
October children are represented by the gemstone opal. Beautifully radiant, opals are referred to as the “Queen of Gems” due to containing the colors of all the other gemstones. This is due to containing tiny spheres of minerals that refract light and create a multitude of colors. They are affiliated with hope, faith, and confidence.
NOVEMBER – TOPAZ
Associated zodiac sign: Scorpio | Other common November birthstones: Citrine
Topaz is famous for its golden-brown or orange hue, but can also be green, blue, pink, yellow, colorless, or other colors. They are common confused with citrine, which shares many of the same properties. It has a Moh’s rating of 8 and has a wonderful luster. Topaz represents strength, wisdom and courage.
DECEMBER – TURQUOISE
Associated zodiac sign: Sagittarius | Other common December birthstones: Tanzanite, zircon
Turquoise, as the name indicates, is a blue, opaque gemstone. It was valued by Native Americans and Persians. Crystals are very rare and usually small, making them expensive on the jewelry market. New opportunities and happiness are affiliated with turquoise.
Which birthstone is yours? Remember these in the future as ideas for a gift for a loved one or yourself.